Author Archives: Sambrani

Calvin Cycle – Photosynthesis in Plants (PART -III)

By | September 21, 2021

The term Photosynthesis was first proposed by Prof. Conway MacMillan , when he was working at University of Minnesota in 1893. In the earlier blog posts we discussed about Introduction to Photosynthesis in green Plants and details of Light Reaction. As we have seen in previous posts, Photosynthesis can be divided into two different parts… Read More »

Light Reaction – Photosynthesis in Plants (PART II)

By | September 19, 2021

Photosynthesis can be divided into two parts : Light dependent reactions or Light Reactions and Dark Reactions or Calvin Cycle. Light reactions forms the “Photo” part of Photosynthesis and Dark reactions / Calvin Cycle is a separate process which accounts for “synthesis” aspect in Photosynthesis, where sugars are produced. Light reaction involves the following events… Read More »

Photosynthesis in plants – Introduction Part I

By | September 17, 2021

Photosynthesis is a process where green plants and some other organisms (algae and some bacteria – such as Proteobacteria , Chloroflexi, Chlorobi and cyanobacteria ) uses trapped sunlight to convert carbon di oxide and water to produce chemical energy in the form of carbohydrates (most commonly glucose) and oxygen. In other words, photosynthesis is a process… Read More »

Difference between Mitosis and Meiosis

By | September 9, 2021

Cell happen to be fundamental unit of life. New cells will arise from existing cells. A cell will divide to give rise to two cells and these two cells can form four cells and so on. This is termed as “Cell reproduction” or “Cell division“. Cell division usually occur by Mitosis or Meiosis . Following… Read More »

What is Meiosis?

By | September 8, 2021

In the previous posts we looked into eukaryotic cell division (Mitosis) and its regulation at checkpoints. Today we will discuss about another important type of cell division called as Meiosis. Introduction : Meiosis is a special kind of cell division that occur in germ cells of sexually reproducing organisms, where it reduces the chromosome number… Read More »

Cell cycle checkpoints and regulation

By | September 7, 2021

Cell cycle can be defined as a ordered and highly regulated sequence of events required for cell division. The cell cycle can be divided into four phase for understanding purpose (as cell cycle is a continuous ongoing process) – Gap 1 (G1), synthesis (S), Gap 2 (G2) and mitosis (M), During these phases a cell… Read More »

Cell cycle and Cell division

By | August 31, 2021

All the living organisms, even the enormous ones, start their journey from a single cell. The process through which cells originate from existing living cells is called as cell division. Each cell have the ability to divide into two daughters cells (In mitosis), which again can grow and divide. This after many cycles (of growth… Read More »

Five and three domain classification of living organisms

By | August 24, 2021

Our Earth exhibits a large variety of living organisms, be it different kinds of plants, insects, sea creatures or other animals. In addition to these living forms, there are many organisms which we cannot see with our naked eye but are present around us. There are an estimated 1.5 – 1.7 million named species on… Read More »

Differences between DNA and RNA

By | August 21, 2021

Nucleic acids accounts for one of the four major biological macromolecules, which carry genetic blueprint of a cell and are essential for proper functioning of the cell. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and Ribonucleic acid (RNA) are two important nucleic acids which help in carrying genetic information and are made up of nucleotide monomers. Even though both… Read More »

What are prokaryotes ?

By | August 18, 2021

All the living organisms on this planet are made up of cells. They can be divided into two groups : Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes. Prokaryotes are single celled or colonial organisms, where the cell is surrounded by cell membrane or plasma membrane and lacks a defined nucleus (as found in eukaryotic cell). These cells are of… Read More »