Three cell Layers – Germ layers

By | May 4, 2021
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Organisms more complex than Sponges forms two or three tissue layers ,also called as germ layers.A germ layer is collection of cells formed during embryo genesis. Radially symmetrical cnidarians have two germ layers in endoderm and ectoderm making them diploblastic.Organisms with Bilateral symmetry produce one more additional layer between ectoderm and endoderm called mesoderm. These are called triploblastic organisms.These germ layers only give rise to tissue and organs in animals.

The  endoderm forms: the stomach, the colon, the liver, the pancreas, the urinary bladder, the lining of the urethra, the epithelial parts of trachea, the lungs, the pharynx, the thyroid, the parathyroid, and the intestines.

The mesoderm forms skeletal muscle, the skeleton, the dermis of skin, the crystal lens of the eye, connective tissue, the urogenital system, the heart, blood (lymph cells), and the spleen.

The ectoderm (It is the first layer to form) forms the central nervous system, the lens of the eye, cranial and sensory, the ganglia and nerves, pigment cells, head connective tissues, the epidermis, hair, and mammary glands.

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